Gobierno de España. Ministerio de Hacienda. Secretaría de Estado de Presupuestos y Gastos - Dirección General de Costes de Personal
Sello Excelencia EVAM 200-299, año 2018
Clases Pasivas

General regulations and special cases

General regulations

a) Cause

This is the retirement (of the civil servant) and occurs for various reasons:

b) Period without coverag

In order to be entitled to an ordinary retirement pension a minimum period of 15 years of years serving the State is required.

c) Pension Calculation

The amount of the ordinary pension is determined by applying the corresponding regulatory basis , according to the Corps or category of the civil servant, the percentage established depending on the number of full years of effective service to the State.

Regulatory bases  (bases for the calculation of the Passive Class pensions):  they are set annually in the Law of General State Budgets for each group, subgroup (Law 5/2015) of classification in which the different Corps, Scales, posts or jobs of civil servants are included.

For 2020 they are as follows:

Grupo / Subgrupo EBEP

Haber regulador

(euros /año)



E (Ley 30/1984) y Agrupaciones profesionales (EBEP)17.199,27
  • The relevant percentage will be applied to the corresponding base or regulatory base according to the following scale:

Years of



of the regulator

Years of service​


of the regulator

Years of service


of the regulator

1117,712356,1535 or more100

Calculate the amount of your future pension SIMULA. Cálculo simulado de pensiones

Special cases

a) Services rendered in two or more Corps

When services have been rendered in two or more Corps of categories with a different regulatory base, the whole administrative record of the civil servant will be taken into account to calculate the retirement or discharge pension from the moment they joined the first Corps and any other successive corps until they left active service. The following formula will be applied:

P = R1 x C1 + (R2 - R1) x C2 + (R3 - R2) x C3 + ….


P is the amount of the retirement pension

R1, R2, R3... the regulatory bases corresponding to the first and successive Corps and Scales where the person has been employed

C1, C2, C3....the percentages of calculations corresponding to full years of effective service rendered since they joined the first Corp, Scale... until retirement or discharge, in accordance with the previous percentage table.

To determine the applicable percentage, the fractions of time above one year will be calculated as time corresponding to the services rendered subsequently until the services rendered last, where the surplus resulting time will not be counted.

b) Pensions in the event of an extension in the term of active service

Pursuant to Additional Provision Seventeen of the Consolidated Text of the Law on State Pensioners, approved by Royal Legislative Decree 670/1987, of 30 April, Civil Service retirement pensions earned before 1 January 2015,   shall be subject to the provisions in Article 210.2 of the Consolidated Text of approved by Royal Legislative Decree 8/2015, of 30 October.

  • In general, it applies to pensions that are declared the age over the compulsory retirement age that corresponds to the Official body membership.
  • In the case of Judges, Justices, Tax Lawyers, Prosecutors, Lawyers of the Justice Administration, University Lecturers and Property, Company and Movable Property Registrars who become eligible for a pension from 1 January 2015, they will be required, at the time of retirement, to be at least sixty-five years of age, as will be the Justices and Prosecutors of the Supreme Court who, on the indicated date, were emeritus (Additional provision five of Organic Law 7/2015 , of 21 July)

The additional percentage of interested person for each full year of effective service to the State, between the date of 65th birthday and the date of event giving rise to the pension, the amount of which will depend on the service years credited in the first of indicated dates, will be recognized according to the following scale:

– Up to 25 years of effective service to the State, 2 per 100.
– Between 25 and 37 years of effective service to the State, 2.75 per 100.
– After 37 years of effective service to the State, 4 per 100.

If the amount of pension with the increase exceeds the maximum limit of perception of public pensions (2.683,34 EUR/month for 2020) an additional amount will be received which added to the pension may not exceed the regulator having of Group / Subgroup A1 (3.013,14 EUR/month for 2020).

3.013,14 euros – 2.683,34 euros = 329,80 euros/mes.
The obtained increase percentage in any case has no impact on the calculation of pensions for family members.

c) Calculation of services in disability retirement pensions

The retirement pension by reason of permanent disability for service is calculated the same way as the ordinary retirement pension by reason of age, with the peculiarity that when that pension occurs while the individual is a civil servant in active service or a comparable situation, the whole years until the civil servant is of retirement age shall be considered effective services, in addition to those accredited until that time, these being understood as rendered in the Corps, Scale, post, job or category in which the individual is occupied at the time of cessation by reason of retirement.

However as of January 1, 2009, when, at the time the event occurs, the individual concerned accredits fewer than twenty years of service and the disability does not prevent him or her from all professions or occupations the amount of the ordinary retirement pension shall decrease by 5% for each whole year of service remaining until 20 years of service are reached, with a maximum of 25% for those individuals accrediting 15 years or fewer of service. If, after the pension has been recognised and before retirement age has been reached, the illness or injury of the individual concerned deteriorates in such a way that it prevents him or her from carrying out any profession or occupation, the amount of the pension may be increased by up to 100% of what would have corresponded to the individual.

Solicitud de incremento de pensión por agravamiento de enfermedad (pdf)

d) Change of force to another with a higher proportionality index before 1 January 1985 -DT1 of the reformed text of the Civil Service Act.

The First Transitory Disposition of the Codifying Legislation of the State Passive Class Law establishes that the civil and military civil servants of the State Administration who joined before 1 January, 1985, and who before that date had been transferred from one corps, scale, post or job with a given index of proportionality assigned to it to render services in another with a higher index of proportionality, will be entitled, for the calculation of their pension, to up to a maximum of ten years of the years effectively served in the corps, scale, post or job of the smaller of the indexes of proportionality, as if they had been rendered in the greater one. 

Voluntary civil servant retirement pensions are excluded from this special service calculation.

e) Obligatory military service and Community Service

For the purpose of passive rights, obligatory military service and the equivalent community service – now suppressed - are only taken into account for the determination of the pensions of civil servants when they had been completed after they joined the Civil Service.

If these services had been done before admission to the civil service, only the time served beyond the obligatory military service period will be taken into account.

f) Reciprocal calculation of contributions between different Social Security systems

Royal Decree 691/1991, of 12 April, on the reciprocal calculation of contributions between Social Security systems, makes it possible, at the request of the interested party, to add up successive or alternative periods of contribution accredited in the State Passive Class System and in the different Social Security Systems, both for the accrual of entitlement to a pension and for determining the percentage applicable for the calculation thereof.

The pension is recognised by the Organ or Organisation Managing the System to which the last contributions had been made, applying its own regulations, albeit taking into account the sum total of the periods, unless the conditions required for entitlement to a pension in the system in question were not met, in which case the other system will prevail.

When recognition of the pension corresponds to the Passive Class System, the periods of contributions totalled and accredited in another system are understood to have been rendered in the group or category resulting from the application of the following tables of equivalence:

Social Security Passive Class System
1 (group 1+ Self-employed graduates and engineers)A1
2 (group 2+ Self-employed Engineers Technicians and experts)A2
3 (group 3, 4 ,5 , 8 and the Self-employed in general)C1
4 (group 7 y 9)C2
5 (group 6, 10 ,11 ,12 and house maids)E/Professional Groupings

In order to incorporate the years of contribution in the Civil Service Scheme into Social Security pensions, in application of the reciprocal calculation of contributions between Social Security schemes (Royal Decree 691/1991 of 12 April) the interested party must request certification of services provided to the State through Form CS issued by the ministerial department or Autonomous Community where the civil servant was last assigned.

g) Secularised priests and monks and nuns

Royal Decree 432/2000, of 31 March 2000, regulates the calculation in the State Passive Class System of the periods recognized as Social Security contribution periods in favour of Catholic Church priests, monks or nuns, as well as of lay members of any of the secular institutes of the Catholic Church entered in Ministry of Justice Register of Religious Entities at 1 January 1997 who has ceased to belong to the religious profession or to be a member of such secular institutes.

The aforementioned Royal Decree makes it possible to sum up these periods, at the application of the interested party and provided that they do not overlap with the years of service accredited in the State Passive Class System, both to be eligible for a pension in this social protection system and to improve the amount thereof, although in no case may the years resulting from the aforementioned summation surpass the figure of thirty-five.

The most relevant aspects to be taken into account are:

  1. The interested party's application should be accompanied by a certificate, specifying the  periods assimilated to recognized contribution periods and, when applicable, actual contribution periods, issued by the Provincial Directorate of the General Social Security Treasury of the interested party's place of residence or, in the event of living abroad, by that pertaining to the place where he exercised the priestly office or religious profession at the time of his or her  secularization, or as a lay member of a secular  institute of the Catholic Church, at the time of his or her cessation.
  2. For the calculation of the pension, periods of priesthood or religious profession, which the General Treasury of the Social Security acknowledges as contributions, are understood as services rendered to the State in subgroup C1.
  3. The interested parties are obliged to pay exclusively the part of the total amount of the pension corresponding to the years for which contributions are recognised as having been paid for the recognition of entitlement to pension or the improvement of the pension already recognised. This part will be calculated by applying, to the regulatory base of group C, the percentage established in the scale of article 31.1 of the Codifying Legislation of the Passive Class Law for an equal number of years to those for which contributions are recognised as having been paid. .
  4. The amount to be paid will be deduced in the successive monthly pension instalments  that accrue, including extraordinary payments, although in no case may the monthly amount deduced be greater than the difference existing, on the starting date of payment, between the amount of the pension paid (following taxes) and that which would have corresponded without the counting of the years for which contributions are recognised as having been paid. This clause ensures that an amount larger than the amount by which the pension is improved as a result of the calculation of the years of religious employment will never be subtracted.
  5. The amount payable regarded as a tax-deductible expense, included in article 19 of Law 35/2006, of 28 November, on I.R.P.F. [Personal Income Tax]

h) Loss of the condition of civil servant

The personnel included in the subjective scope of the State Passive Class System -except those referred to in letters i) and j) of Article 2.1 of the Codifying Legislation of the Passive Class Law - who lose the condition of civil servant retain the passive rights that they may have acquired for themselves or their relatives until that moment.

However, such staff will acquire the right to an ordinary disability retirement pension only when they become totally incapacitated from following any trade or profession before reaching retirement age.

Acknowledgement of the civil service rights arising for these staff will always occur at the request of a party once the requirements have been met in each case. A prior declaration of retirement is not necessary.

i) Maternity supplement in pensions for compulsory retirement or permanent disability for work originating from 1 January 2016

From 1 January 2016, women who have given birth to or adopted children and who are beneficiaries of a compulsory retirement or permanent disability for work  pension will be eligible for a pension supplement of an amount equivalent to the result of applying to the pension for which they are eligible a percentage in terms of the number of children born or adopted prior to the event that gave rise to the eligibility for the pension, according to the following scale:

  • In the case of 2 children: 5 per cent.
  • In the case of 3 children: 10  per cent.
  • In the case of 4 or more children: 15  per cent.

In no case will this maternity supplement be considered as part of the retirement pension for the purposes of determining the regulatory base in eligibility for pensions for relatives.

  1. If the pension to be supplemented includes periods in application of international regulations, the supplement will be calculated on the theoretical pension, which in no case may exceed the maximum limit of the public pensions.
  2. If the amount of the pension for which the person is eligible is equal to or greater than the maximum pension limit, only 50 per cent of the supplement will be paid, even in cases where there is a concurrence of public pensions.
  3. If the pension for which the interested party is eligible does not reach the minimum pension amount and she requests the minimum supplement and meets the eligibility requirements, the maternity supplement will be added.
  4. In the event of concurrence of public pensions, independently of the regulations under which they are paid, only one maternity supplement will be paid in accordance with the following rules:
    If the concurrence is of more than one retirement pension, the highest supplement will be paid.
    If it is of a retirement pension and a widow’s pension, the amount corresponding to the retirement pension will be paid.